ระบบการผลิตแบบโตโยต้า (Toyota Production System: TPS) เป็นที่ยอมรับในอุตสาหกรรมยานยนต์ในด้านของการเพิ่มผลิตภาพ (Productivity) การลด.
Toyota’s global sustainable competitive advantage is based on a corporate philosophy, an integrated socio-technical management system and practices known as the Toyota Production System (TPS). TPS is a holistic approach to efficiency, generating sustainable profits, and satisfying the customer with the highest possible quality at the lowest cost in the shortest lead-time.
Toyota's 10 Management Principles ▪Toyota Problem Solving Techniques
❶Reduced Setup Times
All setup practices are wasteful because they add no value and they tie up labor and equipment. By organizing procedures, using carts, and training workers to do their own setups, Toyota managed to slash setup times from months to hours and sometimes even minutes.
5 Features of Lean ▪3 Broad Types of Waste ▪7 Wastes To Be Eliminated
❷ Small-Lot Production
Producing things in large batches results in huge setup costs, high capital cost of high-speed dedicated machinery, larger inventories, extended lead times, and larger defect costs. Because Toyota has found the way to make setups short and inexpensive, it became possible for them to economically produce a variety of things in small quantities.
Lean Manufacturing vs. Traditional ▪Characteristics of a Lean Enterprise
❸ Employee Involvement and Empowerment
Toyota organized their workers by forming teams and gave them the responsibility and training to do many specialized tasks. Teams are also given responsibility for housekeeping and minor equipment repair. Each team has a leader who also works as one of them on the line.
How To Involve Employees ▪Benefits of Employee Empowerment
❹ Quality at the Source
To eliminate product defects, they must be discovered and corrected as soon as possible. Since workers are at the best position to discover a defect and to immediately fix it, they are assigned this responsibility. If a defect cannot be readily fixed, any worker can halt the entire line by pulling a cord (called Jidoka).
Japanese Approach to Total Quality Management ▪ Kaizen Culture
❺ Equipment Maintenance
Toyota operators are assigned primary responsibility for basic maintenance since they are in the best position to defect signs of malfunctions. Maintenance specialists diagnose and fix only complex problems, improve the performance of equipment, and train workers in maintenance.
Kaizen Mindset ▪ Japanese-style Suggestion System
To reduce inventory holding costs and lead times, Toyota developed the pull production method wherein the quantity of work performed at each stage of the process is dictated solely by demand for materials from the immediate next stage. The Kamban scheme coordinates the flow of small containers of materials between stages. This is where the term Just-in-Time (JIT) originated.
Humorous Example of Lean Value Chain ▪ Cleaner Production
❼ Supplier Involvement
Toyota treats its suppliers as partners, as integral elements of Toyota Production System (TPS). Suppliers are trained in ways to reduce setup times, inventories, defects, machine breakdowns etc., and take responsibility to deliver their best possible parts.
State-of-the-Art Supply Chain ▪ Involve Suppliers as Co-Innovators
Dear All, Greetings from Adept Professional Solutions! In our constant endeavor to deliver significant impact to organizations through intensive training programs and workshops- we keep on introducing value propositions to cater to all business needs. In the same light- we are pleased to announce the launch of 'Lean-Toyota Production System Overview Training'. The details are attached with the PDF file. Lean-TPS Overview is an introductory program for the landmark Lean methodology which was introduced by Toyota and then promoted by Motorola and GE widely across the world. The program will engrain a culture of 'Zero Waste' thinking amongst the participants and will also empower them to initiate Lean Projects in their organizations. Delivered by Lean Six Sigma Certified professionals with global delivery experience- this training is structured for creating value for both manufacturing and services alike. Currently available in all major cities of India - for 'In-house' delivery on highly competitive prices- Lean TPS Overview is a day long- 8 Hours workshop For any further Information, please feel free to Call @ (91)-9873232023 or Write to : Website: Welcome to the Adept Professional From India, Bangalore
If you are knowledgeable about any fact, resource or experience related to this topic - please add your views using the reply box below. For articles and copyrighted material please only cite the original source link. Each contribution will make this page a resource useful for everyone.